The Ultimate Gorgonzola Cheese Guide

The Ultimate Gorgonzola Cheese Guide

Welcome to the ultimate guide to all things Gorgonzola cheese! Whether you’re a cheese connoisseur looking to expand your knowledge or a foodie eager to try something new, this comprehensive guide has got you covered. From its rich history and origins in Italy to the different varieties and flavor profiles, this article will provide you with everything you need to know about this beloved blue cheese. So sit back, relax, and get ready to dive into the delicious world of Gorgonzola cheese!

History of Gorgonzola Cheese

Gorgonzola cheese has a rich history that dates back to the 9th century in Northern Italy. It is believed to have been first created in the town of Gorgonzola, which is where it gets its name. The cheese was originally made by local farmers who wanted to find a way to use up excess milk from their cows.

Origins of Gorgonzola

The origins of Gorgonzola cheese can be traced back to the Lombardy region of Italy. The unique blue veining in the cheese is a result of the penicillium mold that is added during the production process. This mold gives Gorgonzola its distinctive flavor and creamy texture.

Evolution of Gorgonzola production

Over the years, the production of Gorgonzola cheese has evolved to meet modern standards while still maintaining its traditional methods. Today, Gorgonzola is made with pasteurized cow’s milk and aged for a minimum of 2 months to develop its complex flavors. The cheese is now protected by the European Union’s Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) status, ensuring that only cheeses made in specific regions and using traditional methods can be labeled as Gorgonzola.

Types of Gorgonzola Cheese

Gorgonzola cheese is a versatile and delicious cheese that comes in several varieties. Each type has its own unique flavor profile and characteristics, making it a favorite among cheese lovers. Here are the three main types of Gorgonzola cheese:

Gorgonzola Dolce

Gorgonzola Dolce, also known as "sweet Gorgonzola," is a milder and creamier version of the cheese. It is aged for a shorter period of time, resulting in a softer texture and a sweeter taste. Gorgonzola Dolce is perfect for those who prefer a less intense and more delicate flavor in their cheese.

Gorgonzola Piccante

On the other end of the spectrum is Gorgonzola Piccante, or "spicy Gorgonzola." This type of Gorgonzola cheese is aged for a longer period, which gives it a sharper and more pungent flavor. Gorgonzola Piccante has a firmer texture and a more robust taste, making it a great choice for those who enjoy a stronger cheese.

Gorgonzola Naturale

Gorgonzola Naturale is a traditional version of Gorgonzola cheese that is made with raw milk. This type of Gorgonzola is aged naturally without any additives or preservatives, allowing the true flavors of the cheese to shine through. Gorgonzola Naturale has a rich and complex flavor profile with subtle hints of spiciness, making it a favorite among cheese connoisseurs.

How Gorgonzola Cheese is Made

Milk selection and preparation

Gorgonzola cheese is traditionally made from cow’s milk. The milk used in the production of Gorgonzola cheese must be of high quality and free from any additives or preservatives. The milk is usually sourced from local dairy farms that adhere to strict quality standards.

Before the cheese-making process begins, the milk is first pasteurized to kill any harmful bacteria. Once pasteurized, the milk is heated to a specific temperature and then combined with rennet, a coagulating enzyme, to start the curdling process.

Culturing and curdling

After the rennet is added, the milk is left to sit undisturbed for a period of time to allow the curds to form. During this time, specific cultures of bacteria are also added to the milk to help develop the unique flavor profile of Gorgonzola cheese.

As the curds begin to form, they are cut into smaller pieces to release the whey. The curds are then gently stirred and heated to further expel the whey, resulting in a firmer texture. Once the desired consistency is achieved, the curds are transferred into molds to shape the cheese.

Ripening and aging

Once molded, the Gorgonzola cheese is salted to help flavor development and inhibit the growth of unwanted bacteria. The cheese is then left to ripen and age in a controlled environment for a specific period of time.

During the aging process, the cheese develops its signature blue-green veins as a result of the introduction of specific mold spores. The cheese is regularly turned and monitored to ensure proper maturation and flavor development.

After the aging process is complete, the Gorgonzola cheese is ready to be enjoyed by cheese lovers around the world.

Pairing Gorgonzola Cheese with Wine

When it comes to enjoying Gorgonzola cheese, the right wine pairing can elevate the entire experience. Here are some recommendations for pairing Gorgonzola cheese with different types of wine:

White wine pairings

  1. Chardonnay: The buttery and creamy texture of Chardonnay complements the rich and creamy flavors of Gorgonzola cheese.
  2. Sauvignon Blanc: The crisp acidity of Sauvignon Blanc cuts through the bold flavors of Gorgonzola, creating a harmonious balance.
  3. Riesling: The slight sweetness of Riesling can contrast with the salty and tangy flavors of Gorgonzola, creating a delightful pairing.

Red wine pairings

  1. Cabernet Sauvignon: The bold and tannic nature of Cabernet Sauvignon can stand up to the intense flavors of Gorgonzola cheese.
  2. Merlot: The soft and fruity character of Merlot can complement the creamy texture of Gorgonzola cheese.
  3. Pinot Noir: The earthy and fruity notes of Pinot Noir can enhance the savory flavors of Gorgonzola cheese.

Dessert wine pairings

  1. Port: The sweetness and richness of Port wine can balance out the salty and tangy flavors of Gorgonzola cheese.
  2. Late Harvest Riesling: The honeyed sweetness of Late Harvest Riesling can complement the creamy texture of Gorgonzola cheese.
  3. Moscato d’Asti: The light and bubbly nature of Moscato d’Asti can provide a refreshing contrast to the bold flavors of Gorgonzola cheese.

Next time you indulge in some Gorgonzola cheese, consider pairing it with one of these wine recommendations to enhance your tasting experience. Cheers!

Cooking with Gorgonzola Cheese

Gorgonzola cheese is a versatile ingredient that can elevate the flavor profile of any dish. Whether you’re looking to add a creamy texture or a tangy kick to your recipe, Gorgonzola cheese is the perfect choice. Here are some creative ways to cook with Gorgonzola cheese:

Gorgonzola sauce recipes

  • Gorgonzola cream sauce: Perfect for drizzling over pasta or steak.
  • Gorgonzola dressing: A delicious addition to salads or as a dipping sauce.
  • Gorgonzola fondue: A crowd-pleasing appetizer for any gathering.

Gorgonzola cheese pairings in dishes

  • Gorgonzola stuffed mushrooms: A savory appetizer that will impress your guests.
  • Gorgonzola and pear pizza: The perfect combination of sweet and savory flavors.
  • Gorgonzola and walnut risotto: A rich and decadent dish that is sure to please.

Gorgonzola cheese in salads

  • Gorgonzola and apple salad: A refreshing and flavorful salad that is perfect for any season.
  • Gorgonzola and beet salad: A colorful and nutritious dish that is as beautiful as it is delicious.
  • Gorgonzola and spinach salad: A classic combination that never fails to satisfy.

Incorporating Gorgonzola cheese into your cooking repertoire will add depth and complexity to your dishes, making them stand out and impressing your family and friends. Enjoy experimenting with these recipes and discovering new ways to showcase the unique flavor of Gorgonzola cheese.


In conclusion, Gorgonzola cheese is a versatile and delicious cheese that can be enjoyed in a variety of ways. Whether you prefer it crumbled over a salad, melted into a sauce, or simply enjoyed on its own with a glass of wine, Gorgonzola cheese is sure to please even the most discerning cheese lover. With its rich and creamy texture, tangy and sharp flavor, and unique blue veining, Gorgonzola cheese truly stands out as a gourmet cheese option. So next time you’re looking to elevate your cheese board or add a burst of flavor to your favorite dish, be sure to reach for Gorgonzola cheese and let its bold taste take center stage.